Thursday, 1 May 2014

The Muses

"Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon (Parnassus)" by Claude Lorrain

The Muses, from the Roman name Musae, were the nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne, a Titan whose name means "thought". For the Greeks, the Muses were the goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts.

Calliope (beautiful voice) - The muse of epic poetry and the mother of Orpheus and Linus.

Clio (glory) - The muse of history. She was said to have introduced the alphabet to Greece.

Erato (lovely) - She is the muse of lyric poetry, especially love and erotic poetry.

Euterpe (delight) - The muse of song and elegiac poetry. She was said to have invented the double flute.

Melpomene (choir) - Initially the muse of singing, she later became the muse of tragedy.

Polyhymnia (much song) - She is the muse of sacred poetry, sacred hymn, dance, and eloquence as well as agriculture and pantomime.

Terpsichore (pleasure in dance) - The muse of dance and chorus.

Thalia (to blossom) - She is the muse of poetry and idyllic poetry. This was also the name of one of the three Graces or Charities.

Urania (heavenly) - The muse of astronomy. She is often associated with Universal Love and the Holy Spirit.

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